Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common health problem in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance, and the ovaries produce more androgen, a male hormone that is found in small amounts in women, than normal. This condition can lead to cysts in the ovaries, changes in the menstrual cycle, trouble getting pregnant, excessive body and facial hair, weight gain, acne, and other health issues.
The exact cause of PCOS is still unknown, however, experts believe that hormonal imbalance and genetics play a key factor. Women have a higher chance of developing PCOS if other women in their family have it or have irregular periods or diabetes.
There is no cure for PCOS, but you can treat the symptoms and manage the condition to prevent complications. Because symptoms vary from woman to woman, treatment will vary as well. Steps you can take to help alleviate your symptoms include:
- Eat a healthy diet and get daily exercise to help regulate your menstrual cycle and lower your blood glucose
- Take birth control pills to help treat acne, regulate your menstrual cycle, and lower levels of male hormones
- Talk to your doctor about anti-androgens to help reduce male hormone levels